英语:英语单词afraid的用法

英语单词afraid非常常用,而且afraid是一个非常好用的单词,用法也比较简单。

1, afraid经常用于比较礼貌地告诉别人某个消息,这个消息有可能会让对方感到不舒服、失望或者被打扰。经常以”I’m afraid (that) …”的结构出现:

  • I’m afraid that there are several uses of the word! 

另外,”I’m afraid (that) …”结构中的that可以省略:

  • I’m afraid that there are at least seven ways 等同于
  • I’m afraid there are at least seven ways 

这种用法在口语中尤其常见。

2, afraid还可以用于表示“害怕”。但是’afraid’ 不能后接名词,比如’an easily afraid person’是错误的用法。这种情况下可以用’frightened’。

  • He’s an easily frightened person=He’s easily frightened.
  • He’s afraid of something—- He’s afraid of spiders? 
  • He’s afraid to do something —- He’s afraid to ask for help.? 
  • He’s afraid of doing something —- He’s afraid of flying.? 

3, afraid结构用来表示’yes’或’no’

3.1,  Afraid + not表示’no’ 

    • A: Are you doing anything nice this weekend, Femi? 
    • F: I’m afraid not, I have to work – I need the money! 

打电话时说某人不在:

    • A: Could I speak to Sun Chen please? 
    • B: I’m afraid not, he’s not available at the moment. Would you like to leave a message? 

3.2, Afraid’+ so表示’yes’. 

    • A: Are you leaving now, Yvonne? 
    • Y: I’m afraid so, I have to be home by 9 o’clock. 

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