英语:单词pain, ache, ill, sick及hurt的区别

1, 单词PAIN和ACHE的区别
1.1, 两者大部分时候都以名词来使用,表示“疼痛”等感觉。不过PAIN和ACHE有细微的区别,比如pain表示很尖锐短暂的痛,很难被忽略。比如:

  • Yesterday I suddenly felt a lot of pain in my stomach. I was taken to hospital where they discovered I had appendicitis.

但ache通常指延续时间长的疼痛,比如头痛、胃痛等(headache, stomach ache, backache以及heartache)
注意:heartache表示类似失恋等造成的痛,比如 :

  • He is causing me a lot of heartache.

1.2, 另外,pain和ache有时也用作动词。但pain是一个短暂性的动词,不能表示连续的动作,不能用于进行时。

  • It pains me to think of you being so unhappy with your life –你过得如此不好,让我感到难受

但ache可以用于表示连续性,比如用于进行时等:

  • My back is really aching.
  • I wish my leg would stop hurting, it really aches.

2, 单词SICK和ILL的区别
2.1, 两者一般都作形容词,比如:

  • I feel sick.
  • Ed had to leave school early because he was ill.

2.2, 两都区别不大,但英语中Sick一般表示“恶心”:

  • I think I’m going to be sick.
  • If you have children, you can be sure that you will have to clear up some sick at least once during their childhood.

3, 单词HURT与ACHE及PAIN的区别
3.1, 单词hurt通常用作动词或名词,它和ACHE及PAIN的最大区别在于:当用hurt时(比如i am hurt),意味着这种不舒服是由于外界作用造成的。但ache和pain更多是由于身体内在原因造成的。比如:

  • Be careful on that ladder, you might hurt yourself if you fall.
  • He was badly hurt in the train crash.

3.2, 当用作名词时,hurt通常表示感情上的疼痛:

  • When he told her he wanted a divorce she could hear a lot of hurt in his voice.

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