英语:Many/much以及lots of/a lot of的用法

Many/much/lots of/a lot of的区别比较简单,单词many用于修饰可数名词,而much用于修饰不可数名词。短语lots of/a lot of既可用于可数名词,又可用于不可数名词。那是不是短语lots of/a lot of完全可以替代many和much呢?其实,在不同的场合中用法还是有一点小小区别的。

一般情况下,many/much更多用于疑问句和否定句中,而lots of/a lot of多用于肯定句中:

  • There are lots of people in the street.—肯定句
  • That is a lot of milk.—肯定句
  • There aren’t many people in the street.—否定句
  • How much milk do you want?” is a question. —否定句

不过,从语法的角度讲,下面的句子也没有问题:

  • There are many people in the park.

但在口语中,更地道的说法应该是:

  • There are lots of people in the park.

但是,在更正式的场合,我们更多地使用Many/much,而不是lots of/a lot of。比如,我们对朋友,一般会说

  • There are lots of cars in the street.
  • People have written a lot about it.

但上述两个句子在更正式的场合的说法会是:

  • There were many cars in the street that day.
  • Much has been written about it.

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