英语:“Few和little”以及”a few和a little”的用法

Few和Little以及A few和A little常用来表示数量的多少。Few和little的语法比较简单,但经常会被搞错,也是英语考试的常见考点

构成:

  • (a) few + plural countable noun(复数可数名词
  • (a) little + uncountable noun(不可数名词

用法:
1、我们用“a few”和“a little”表示“少量”。

  • I have a few friends (少量)
  • I have a little money (钱不多,但有一些)

2、我们用“few”和“little”表示“几乎没有”、“不够多(想要更多)”。

  • I have few friends. (几乎没有朋友, 希望有更多朋友)
  • I have little money. (几乎没有钱, 希望有更多)

3、“few”和“little”是相当正式的用法。在口语中,我们经常用“only a few / little”或“not much / many”来代替:

  • Few people came to the meeting – 更正式
  • Only a few people came to the meeting – 更口语化
  • Not many people came to the meeting – 更口语化

4、代词前用“a few”或“a little”时要加of,变成“a few of”或“a little of”

  • A few of them went to the cinema.
  • He only kept a little of his money with him.

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